Sources of contamination of poultry by Salmonella Spp. multi-resistant to antibiotics (SMR) in Côte D'ivoire
Bonny Aya Carole, Karou Tago Germain, AKE Moussan Désirée Francine
The objective of this work is to highlight the plausible ways of contamination of chicken in Côte d’Ivoire and their impact on public health. For this purpose, the isolation and antibiotic sensitivity tests carried out on 24 strains of Salmonella isolated from poultry (farmed chickens and native chickens) were performed. The agar diffusion method, carried out on Muller-Hinton agar, was use to reveal the antibiotic profiles of these strains. The results obtained show a level of resistance: high to Amoxicillin / Clavulanic Acid (88.23%), to Tetracycline (88.23%), to cotrimoxazole (64.70%), to Nalidixic Acid (76.47%), Ticarcillin (70, 59%), Amoxicillin (64.70%) and Cefoxitim (64.70%); a relatively average level of resistance to Chloramphenicol (47.06%) and Cefotaxim (35, 29%) in Salmonella isolated from farm chickens. As for Salmonella isolated from native chickens, a very high resistance to Tetracycline and Amoxicillin / Clavulanic Acid (100%), as well as a relatively average level of resistance to Cotrimoxazole (42.86%), Nalidixic Acid (57.14%), Ticarcillin and Amoxcillin (42.85%) were observed. Sulfonamides, β-Lactams, Quinolones and Tetracyclines, are the antibiotic families most involved in the (multi) resistance of isolated strains of Salmonella spp. In view of these data, the environment could play an important role in the transmission pathway of antibiotic resistance in poultry, apart from the way in which antibiotic molecules are used. This could constitute a real public health problem.
Bonny Aya Carole, Karou Tago Germain, AKE Moussan Désirée Francine. Sources of contamination of poultry by Salmonella Spp. multi-resistant to antibiotics (SMR) in Côte D'ivoire. International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, 2022, Pages 8-12