International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research

International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research


International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research
International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research
Vol. 6, Issue 4 (2021)

Body mass index, physical activity and fear of fall among community dwelling elderly population in urban Surat, Gujarat-A pilot study


Salvi Shah PT

Background and Objectives: Body Mass Index (BMI), Physical Activity (PA) and Fear of Falls (FoFs) are important construct of geriatric population. Fear of falling is a phenomenon reported in the elderly, which is associated with reduced mobility and lower PA levels. The studies have shown that fear of fall is one of the major reasons for the actual falls in elderly, which in turn gives rise to a greater number of fractures in them. But there is a scarce evidence regarding the relationship of BMI and PA with FoFs among community dwelling elderly population in developing countries like India. So the present study was undertaken. Methodology: A pilot study was undertaken comprising 10 older adults (age ≥ 65 years, ambulant and oriented). BMI was calculated by using the anthropometric measurements and PA was evaluated using the Physical Activity Scale (PAS) for the Elderly. The Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) was used to calculate the FoFs. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman rank-order correlation test at 0.05 level of significance. Results: Results of the present study showed that lower PA and high prevalence of FoFs were noted among older adults. A significant moderate positive correlation between BMI and FoFs (r=0.45, p<0.05), significant moderate negative correlation between PA and FoFs (r=−0.53, p<0.05) and significant weak negative correlation between BMI and PA(r=−0.24, p<0.05) were noted among community dwelling elderly people of urban Surat. Conclusion: It can be concluded from the present study that significant relationship existed between BMI, PA and FoFs among community dwelling elderly population of urban Surat, Gujarat.
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How to cite this article:
Salvi Shah PT. Body mass index, physical activity and fear of fall among community dwelling elderly population in urban Surat, Gujarat-A pilot study. International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research, Volume 6, Issue 4, 2021, Pages 12-15
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