Floral diversity and distribution of angiosperms and gymnosperms growing in the campus of V.P.&R.P.T.P. science college, v.v. Nagar, Gujarat (India)
Piyush S Patel, Kamlesh N Mesara, Jayantilal P Patel, Babulal N Patel
Biodiversity gives references to the different genera and species of organisms present in the particular area which change from one ecosystem to another. The present study deals with an account of the floral diversity and distribution of angiosperms and gymnosperms in the campus of V.P. & R.P.T.P. Science College, Vallabh-Vidyanagar, Gujarat (INDIA) during the year 2019-20. The campus premises have a total of 147 species of angiosperms and gymnosperms belonging to 131 genera under 62 families. Of these, 74 species of trees, 21 shrubs, 28 herbs, 17 climbers, 5 grasses, and 2 gymnosperms are present across the campus. Ecological analysis shows that Fabaceae, Apocynaceae, Moraceae, Arecaceae, and Combretaceae families were the dominant and Lauraceae, Magnoliaceae, Asphodelaceae, Heliconiaceae, Musaceae, Zingiberaceae, Crassulaceae, Vitaceae, Elaeocarpaceae and Asclepiadaceae were in decreasing order of dominance, respectively. Ficus is the dominant genera in the campus area with six species, followed by Terminalia and Jasminum. This study was Conducted to realize that how educational institutes could play a considerable role in conserving biological diversity and how to study scientifically. This study is one of the initial endeavors in this effort. Some endangered plant species like Santalum album, Saraca asoca, and Leptadenia reticulata are also conserved in the campus.