Socio-economic determinants of the engagement of maid servants in domestic work: A case study of Aligarh city
The engagement of women in domestic works depends on multiple factors. Disastrous domestic circumstances, migration, caste & class discrimination, gender inequality, and lack of education, poverty, unemployment etc. are the major determinants pushing the women in domestic work which is still included in informal factors where the wages, working days and working hours are not fixed and on account of these economic insecurities and other vulnerabilities associated to their social condition the women suffer immensely. Their condition becomes more critical when they are physically assaulted, psychologically harassed and sexually exploited by their employers. In order to bring improvement in working as well as social condition of maid servants, it is imperative to investigate the causes responsible largely for the involvement of the women in this weaker informal occupation lessen their dependence in this sector, making them skilled workers and other multi-dimensional aspects. In this context, the present study is an attempt to analyse the major factors pushing the women in domestic workers. The study is entirely based on primary sources of data collected through the field survey conducted in month of September, 2020 following the direct interview method to the respondents. The overall research findings reveal that the vulnerable socio-economic condition in terms of literacy, household size, marital status, indebtness, low household income, and, disability and bad habits of male breadwinners is the major determinant of the women participation in domestic work.