Analysis of the factors affecting farmers’ perception toward the sugarcane cultivation of small scale farmers in Monaragala District of Sri Lanka
AGSD De Silva, N Sanotharan, CJ Senevirathna, SK Perera
The sugarcane is the crop belongs to family Poaceae which originated from South Asia and Southeast Asia. In Sri Lanka, sugarcane mainly is used for sugar extraction and a smaller portion for alcohol production. Sewanagala is one of the major sugarcane growing areas in Monaragala District of Sri Lanka. The Sri Lankan sugar industry needs drastic changes ranging from the micro level to macro level to bring it to a right pathway for the best contribution to regional and national development. The objectives of the study were, to analyze the factors affecting farmers’ perception toward sugarcane cultivation and, to find out the present limitations to make suggestions to avoid the limitations of small scale sugarcane cultivation in the Sewanagala region in Monaragala District of Sri Lanka. In this study, a total 100 small scale farmers were randomly selected from Sewanagala sugar cultivated region and details on farmers’ perception toward the sugarcane cultivation were collected from the farmers through pre tested structured questionnaire and interview. Results revealed that the relationship between age and experience, profit gained by sugarcane farming with the size of the cultivated land and, profit with farmer satisfaction were significantly (p<0.05) and positive relationship while the relationship between the age and the education level, education with experience of the farmers were significantly (p<0.05) and negative relationship in sugarcane cultivation. In addition, the average profit of the cultivation was Rs.85370 per acre. The critical issues of sugarcane cultivation were higher labour cost, lack of human capital and, lack of good quality seed cane while the introduction of new technology and implement the proper extension services were suggested to overcome the limitations of this study.