A pre-experimental study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on the knowledge regarding prevention and management of diarrohea among mothers of under five year children in selected community areas at Moradabad
Introduction: Diarrhoea is a common disease and is one of the major determinants of childhood morbidity and mortality. Roughly 1.5 million children die due to diarrhoea and diarrhoea related diseases every year. The Government of India through its National CDD (Control of Diarrhoea Diseases) Programme plans to reduce the infant mortality rate from 95 to 50 and pre-school mortality from 41.2 to 10 per 1000 by the year2000 A.D. During 2005, about 1.07 million cases of acute diarrohea with 1040 deaths were reported in India. According to the Uttar Pradesh statistical report, Bahraich was the most flood-affected district in the year 2007 with around 173 villages flooded in the year 2008, around 183 villages were affected due to floods (the period of floods in the district is from the end of July till mid-September).
Methods: Quantitative research approach is use to evaluate the effectiveness planned teaching programmed on diarrhoea among mothers regarding prevention and management of under five year children using Convenient sampling.
Result: Results of the study finding concluded in pre-test knowledge that 30% mothers have adequate knowledge, 56.66% mothers have moderate knowledge & 13.33% mothers inadequate knowledge. And post-test knowledge that that 83% mothers have adequate knowledge, 16% mothers have moderate knowledge & 0% mother’s inadequate knowledge.
Conclusion: Based on review which is included in this study, the mothers of under five year children were lacking in knowledge regarding prevention and management of diarrhoea. The ultimate goal of the study is to use the find and make the mothers aware about the prevention and management of the diarrhoea.