International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research

International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research


International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research
International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research
Vol. 1, Issue 4 (2016)

Insights about the role of glucocorticoid action in the pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome


Partha Majumder, Amitabha Kar, Sankari Das

Glucocorticoids are stress hormones that modulate a large number of physiological actions involved in metabolic, inflammatory, cardiovascular and behavioral processes. The molecular mechanisms and the physiological effects of glucocorticoids have been extensively studied. However, the involvement of glucocorticoid action in the etiology of the Metabolic Syndrome has not been well appreciated. Recently, accumulating clinical evidence and animal genetics studies have attracted growing interest in the role of glucocorticoid action in obesity and insulin resistance. This review will discuss the metabolic effects in the context of glucocorticoid metabolism and establish the association of glucocorticoid action with the features of the Metabolic Syndrome, especially obesity and insulin resistance. Special discussions will be focused on corticosteroid-binding globulin and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1, two proteins that mediate glucocorticoid action and have been implicated in the Metabolic Syndrome. Due to the complexities of the glucocorticoid biology and the Metabolic Syndrome and limited space, this review is only intended to provide a general link between the two areas with broad rather than in-depth discussions of clinical, pharmacological and genetic findings.

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How to cite this article:
Partha Majumder, Amitabha Kar, Sankari Das. Insights about the role of glucocorticoid action in the pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome. International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research, Volume 1, Issue 4, 2016, Pages 68-76
International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research