Swarnajayanti Gram Sswarozgar Yojana is an integrated programme with a mission of poverty alleviation in rural India. Its aim is to provide self-employment opportunities through District Rural Development Agencies with the fund allocation of 75:25 ratio by centre and state governments. It assured sustained level of Income over a period of time through the initiatives from Self Help Groups formed in rural India with a cluster approach. The poverty level varies from state to state and also the level of implementation of this programme. The success of the program lies with the fact that the states have to involve their people into such livelihoods based on the local resources, infrastructure and attitude and skill levels of people.This study tries to summarize the progress made by SGSY scheme in Karnataka State, focus being on the Mysore District. Evaluation of SGSY shows some of its lost grounds on being a comprehensive livelihood programme for the poor but then it also has immensely contributed to the rural development through the activities of SHGs and its Federation Structure, Community Awareness and using the local resources for the benefit of poor. This study is very important from the point of view of using the existing structure of SGSY in the new Mission Mode implementation of NRLM Programme.