The effect of age on role expectation, role strain, well-being and health in dual-earner couples
Sameshta, Dr. Sunita Agarwal
Nearly everyone have high role expectations in different roles and due to high role expectations they experience role strain, or negative affect. At any age, strain is a part of life. Young and old alike have to face difficult situations and overcome obstacles. Long term increased strain is associated with poorer health and poorer well-being. One way to improve wellbeing and perceived health in young populations is to assist in strain management. Thus keeping the above facts in mind the present study was conducted on 200 dual earner couples in Jaipur city of Rajasthan state. To study the effect of age on dependent variables, chi-square test was used. The result shows that there was significant relationship between age and dependent variables i.e. role expectation, role strain, coping strategies, perceived health problems and subjective well-being. The results indicate that as age increases the role expectations and role strain decreases and coping strategies, and subjective well-being increase among females. While, among male spouses as age increases coping strategies also increase but role expectations, role strain and subjective well-being were not dependent on age among males.