Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2020)
The effects of Temu Ireng (Curcuma aeruginosa), Kunyit (Curcuma longa) andJahe Merah (Zingiber officinale)on bursa of fabricius and Histo-morphological intestine characteristics of local Indonesian chickens
Author(s): Maksudi Maksudi, Fahmida Manin, Sri Wigati, Anie Insulistyawati, Nurbani Aziz
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to study the Effects of temu ireng (Curcuma aeruginosa), kunyit (Curcuma longa) andjahe merah (Zingiber officinale)on bursa of fabricius and histo-morphological intestine characteristics of local Indonesian chickens.The experimental design was completely randomized design with 440 birds allocated into 11 treatments and 4 replications of each; 10 birds per experimental unit. The data were subjected to ANOVA procedure, and Duncan’s multiple range tests were conducted when the difference among the treatments was found.The results showed that the ratio of body/body weight ratio of Indonesian local chickens was significantly different (P<0.05) in Period I, but not different in period II. Otherwise, plica of fabricius height was not different in Period I (P>0.05), but differed in Period II (P<0.05). Plica of fabricius from chickens treated with phytobiotics had higher plica of fabricius (P<0.05) than T01 and T02 control treatments. The histo-morphological data analysis ofvillus height showed no differences (P<0.05) in all parts of the intestine among the treatments, except the villus height of T01 which is different (P<0.01) from the others. The same pattern occurs inthe crypt and the thickness of tunica muscularis of the duodenum, jejunum and illeum. In conclusion, giving red ginger has been able to produce normal growth best in bursa of fabricius. Furthermore, overall, morphological changes have occurred in the small intestine as the effect of phytobiotics. It can be used as an indication that there has been a change in function of mainly associated with the process of absorption of nutrients occured in the intestine.