Empirical analysis on effectiveness of soil and water conservation techniques for sustainable agriculture
Abdulqadir Abubakar Sadiq, Maryam Abdullahi, Ahmad Usman Ardo3, Bello Abubakar
Sustainable agricultural food production depends on the effective conservation techniques that improve and sustain adequate soil nutrients that support plant growth and productivity. Therefore, this study saddled empirically to analyse the effectiveness of soil and water conservation techniques for sustainable agriculture. Five sample areas were randomly selected in Girie LGA, of Adamawa State (Modirre, Jera-Bakari, Damare, Dakri and Jera-Bonyo) that adopted soil and water conservation techniques. Three indices were chosen as conservation index namely; soil fertility improvement techniques, soil erosion control techniques and water infiltration techniques respectively. Data collected were statistically analysed and compared using 4-poits Likert scaling test. The result revealed that organic manure was the most highly effective and adopted techniques towards soil fertility improvement in the area while construction of water ways and sand bags were found to be highly effective than the other techniques employed by the farmers which might be linked to the ease of construction. Similarly, for improving water infiltration techniques, tillage and vegetative barriers were more effective compared with the other techniques in the farm locations of the study area. The study revealed that the less effective techniques was as a result of inadequate skills and training among the farmers which consequently reducing their output per unit area. It is therefore recommends that intensive sensitization and training on the integrated modern conservation techniques should be employ to the peasant farmers in the area with the aim of realizing optimum food production that will sustain the growing population in the area from starvation.