Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2019)
Effect of nutrition education program on the blood glucose levels of type 2 diabetes patients
Author(s): Bindhya Babu, Dr. Rupali Sengupta
Abstract: Large population of the world is affected with Type 2 diabetes as a result of poor lifestyle and dietary habits. Dietary management is an important component in the management of diabetes. The objective of the study was to provide nutrition education to type 2 diabetes individuals and analyse the effect of nutrition education program (NEP) on their blood glucose levels. The study was carried out among 100 volunteer patients with Type 2 diabetes who used only oral anti-diabetic drugs and did not have any other chronic disease. The samples were selected from diabetes clinics in and around Mumbai. The patients were divided into two groups of study, experimental and control group comprising of 50 patients each. Biochemical parameters like fasting and post prandial blood glucose levels were noted from patients’ clinical test records. Nutrition education was provided to the experimental group, on an individualized counselling based method with 4 contact session after the first meet. The education included the description of diabetes, the complications, the importance of nutrition in diabetes, nutritional elements and the food groups, low glycaemic index foods, food exchange lists, food preparation alternatives, and the changes to be done in nutritional habits. Post NEP there was a decline in mean fasting and post prandial blood glucose levels seen in the experimental group while there was no much change observed in the control group indicating positive effect of nutrition education provided.
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