Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2019)
Effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding first aid in selected conditions among primary school teachers working in schools at Daund, Pune, Maharashtra
Author(s): Chanamallappa Irappa Hadaginal
Abstract: First aid is the temporary and immediate care given to the person who is injured or suddenly became ill. First aid can save a victim’s life especially if the victim is bleeding heavily and has stopped breathing. It also prevents additional medical emergencies that can arise from an injury or illness1. It is necessary that all of us should be able to perform first aid because we will be eventually finding ourselves in situation requiring it either for others or for ourselves. The risk of injury while traveling, working or playing is so great that most people sustain a significant injury at some time during their lives . Objectives: To assess the existing knowledge of primary school teachers regarding the first aid in selected conditions, To determine the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge of primary school teachers regarding first aid in selected conditions. Hypothesis: Hı - There is significant difference between pre-test and post-test level of knowledge scores of primary school teachers regarding first aid in selected conditions. Methodology: Non-probability convenient sampling technique used. A research design selected was one group pre-test and post-test design which belongs to the pre-experimental design.30 primary school teachers were selected for this study. It was prepared coding for section ‘A’, which consists of demographic variable and for section ‘B’, one mark was given for correct answer and zero for incorrect answer. Thus, total of 30 marks were allotted under knowledge. To interpret the level of knowledge, the score were distributed as inadequate knowledge ≤ 50%, moderately adequate knowledge 51-75% and adequate knowledge >75%. Result: The percentage mean difference of knowledge of general information is 6.76 with t value 11.21 and in wound and injury are 19.56 with t value 5.86. With regard to epitasis mean difference are 5.23 with t value 32.82 and in foreign body are 5.9 with t value 20.92. With regard to bite and stings mean percentage difference is 0.04 with t value is 14.9. Conclusion: The study depicted that there is a significant improvement in knowledge of primary school teachers after planned teaching programme.
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