International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research

International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research


ISSN: 2456-0421

Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2019)

A study to assess the effectiveness of psycho education in reduction of anxiety among the HIV positive patients admitted in selected Hospitals, Belgaum, Karnataka

Author(s): Chanamallappa I Hadaginal
Abstract: Psycho education refers to the education offered to people who live with a psychological disturbance. A goal is for the patient to understand and be better able to deal with the presented illness. Also, the patient's own strengths, resources and coping skills are reinforced, in order to avoid relapse and contribute to their own health and wellness on a long-term basis. Since it is often difficult for the patient and their family members to accept the patient's diagnosis, psycho education also has the function of contributing to the stigmatization of psychological disturbances and to diminish barriers to treatment. HIV disease is not only a medical issue, but a psychosocial one as well, hence a study to assess the effectiveness of psycho education in reduction of anxiety among the HIV positive patients admitted in selected hospitals, Belgaum. Karnataka was undertaken. Objectives: To determines the level of anxiety among the HIV positive patient before attending the Psycho education. 2.To assess the effectiveness of psycho education in terms of reduction of anxiety among the HIV positive patient.3.To compare the level of anxiety before and after psycho education among the HIV positive patient. 4. To explore the association of level of anxiety with selected demographic variables of HIV positive patients. Hypothesis: Hypothesis will be tested at 0.05 level of statistical significance. H1 - The mean post-test anxiety score of HIV/AIDS patients exposed to psycho education will be significantly lower than the pre-test anxiety score. H2 - There will be significant association between the levels of anxiety with selected demographic variables of HIV Positive patients. Methodology: Pre-experimental one group pre-test, post-test research design was selected for all HIV positive patients whose age groups fall in between 20- 50 years with the duration of less than 1 year. Non-Probability purposive method of sampling technique was used. Closed ended anxiety questionnaire was prepared to assess the level of anxiety among HIV positive patients. A Likert scale was used to assess the level of anxiety among HIV positive patients and modified version of Standardized Multidimensional – AIDS – ANXIETY questionnaires (MAAQ) was used to assess the level of anxiety among HIV positive patients. Result: It is evident from the data presented that the calculated‘t’ value (t=20.24) was greater than the table value. Area wise the mean post-test level of anxiety score was significantly lower than mean pre-test level of anxiety score in all areas. Hence the hypothesis (H1) was accepted at 0.001 level of significance. The mean difference between pre-test and post-test knowledge score was a true difference and not a chance difference. This indicates that the psycho education was significantly effective in reducing the level of anxiety among HIV positive patients. Conclusion: The study depicted that psycho education helps in reduction of anxiety among the HIV positive patients.
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