Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2019)
Effectiveness of self- reflexology on stress and sleeplessness among pregnant women in selected Villages, Belgaum, Karnataka
Author(s): Pujashree S Tipukade
Abstract: Pregnancy is the most exciting period of expectation and fulfillment in women’s life. Pregnancy and childbirth is a great event in the life of every women for which she aspires and longs for with great expectation. For most women pregnancy is a time of apprehension, fear and agony. Pregnancy has major physiological and psychological changes which increase the internal and external stressors faced by pregnant women and demands a suitable antenatal preparation. Pregnancy is an emotional time for the woman especially if she is pregnant for the first time, hence effectiveness of self reflexology on stress and sleeplessness among pregnant women in selected villages, Belgaum, Karnataka was undertaken. Objectives: To assess the level of stress and severity of sleeplessness among pregnant women in selected villages, to educate the pregnant women on self-reflexology techniques and its benefits for reduction of stress and sleeplessness during pregnancy, to evaluate the effectiveness of self reflexology in terms of reduction of stress and sleeplessness among pregnant women in selected villages, to co-relate the effectiveness of self reflexology on stress and sleeplessness among pregnant women in selected villages, to find out association between the selected demographic variables with stress and sleeplessness of pregnant women. Hypothesis: H1: There will be significant difference between the pretest and posttest effectiveness of self-reflexology on stress and sleeplessness, H2: There will be significant association between stress and sleeplessness with selected demographic variables of pregnant women. Methodology: Quasi-experimental study with time series design was adopted for the present study. 30 samples were selected by probability simple random sampling technique. Data was collected by using modified Daily Hassles Stress Scale, the stress score was classified into 3 categories: mild stress, moderate stress and severe stress, and standardized insomnia severity index, the insomnia score was classified into 4 categories: No clinical significant insomnia, Sub threshold insomnia, Clinical insomnia (moderate) and Clinical insomnia (severe). Result: The findings of the study revealed that there was significant difference in the mean level of stress and severity of sleeplessness scores before and after practicing self-reflexology (t29 = 9.89, 8.11 at P<0.05 respectively). There was no significant association between pre-test and post-test level of stress and severity of sleeplessness with the selected demographic variables. Conclusion: The study depicted that self-reflexology is effective in reducing the stress level and decreasing the severity of insomnia in pregnant women.