Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2019)
Identification and bioactivity of Gmelina species (Gmelina arborea) commonly grown in some selected communities within Toro L.G.A of Bauchi State, Nigeria
Author(s): Labaran Bala Gwallameji, Modibbo Saleh Misau
Abstract: Gmelina Species (Gmelina arborea) is described as fast-growing deciduous tree, occurring naturally throughout greater part of India at altitudes up to 1,500 meters. It also occur naturally in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Malaysia, Cambodia etc. It belongs to the family Lamiaceae. The wood of Gmelina arborea is pale yellow to cream coloured or pinkish-buff when fresh. The tree is commonly planted as a garden and an avenue tree; growing in villages along agricultural land and on village community lands and water lands. It also has some medicinal uses. The tree provides medicine which used in the treatment of different ailments, both the bark and the roots. It also plays an important role in the health maintenance in developing countries, and higher plants continue to be promising sources of new medicines. The leaf is taken as a demulcent to treat gonorrhea, and cough and it is applied to wounds and ulcers (Bacaloni et at., 2010).