Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2019)
Poultry waste management: An approach for sustainable development
Author(s): Dr. Soubhagya Muduli, Dr. Abhijeet Champati, Dr. Haresh K Popalghat, Dr. Poonam Patel, Dr. KR Sneha
Abstract: Indian poultry sector has shown spectacular growth since the late seventies. South and West Indian states have been the leading states in this regard. As per 19th Livestock Census, 2012, poultry population in India is 729.2millions, which is remarkable considering a population of 73.5 million in 1951, and an annual growth rate of 21% in broiler sector alone. Poultry provide globally important sources of animal protein and are amongst the most intensively reared of all livestock species. Despite their immense socio-economic benefits in terms of production of eggs, meat and employment generations often constitute some environmental risks to both human and animal lives through water/soil and air pollution. These waste products are produced in form of hatchery wastes, birds’ excrement, litters and on-farm mortalities, among others. If these wastes are not used in an adequate form, they provoke enormous pollution problems. Poultry feathers being rich sources of keratin proteins and amino acids, can be converted into valuable products such as feather meal, bio diesel, biodegradable plastic and fertilizer. Poultry manure is also useful as fertilizer, methane and to produce electricity. This review explore detail about the scope for adoption of various poultry wastes. Poultry waste generation is enormous. However, cost effective technologies are yet to be identified to recycle the waste to useful products.