Vol. 2, Issue 4 (2017)
Awareness on pulmonary tuberculosis among adult population in selected area of Rajshahi city, Bangladesh
Author(s): Md. Nuruzzaman, Mohammad Abu Bin Nyeem, Md. Khairul Alam, Md. Monir Ahammed, Md. Abdul Mannan, BM Rabiul Islam
Abstract: The objective of this study was to assess the level of awareness concerning tuberculosis among the Bastuhara para of Rajshahi. A cross-sectional study was done. The mean age and income of the respondents were (40.42±13.985) years and income (9709.40±8537.251 tk.). 50.4% female, 49.6% male. 94.6% Muslim, 85.5% married, 59% illiterate. 41.88% smoker, 52% were smoking about 11-20 years, 34.2% were housewife, 71. 8% lived in semi-building, 99. 1% source of drinking water is tube well. About 99.1% heard about tuberculosis, 69.8% heard about tuberculosis from television/radio, 51.3% knew the cause of tuberculosis. About 63.3% told the cause of tuberculosis is smoking, 77.8% knew the effected group of tuberculosis, 50. 55% told that tuberculosis occurs in old age, 74.4% knew the gender group of TB. About 93.3% told that TB occurs mainly in male. 52.1% didn’t know it is contagious diseases, 52.7% told only those who are closed to TB patients can be effected. About 52.1% of the respondents knew the sign and symptoms of TB, 59.0% told the sing and symptoms of TB is bleeding through cough, 69.2% of the respondents didn’t know the prevention policy of TB, 70.59% told the treatment of TB is medication, 69.2% knew the vaccination policy of TB. 51.5% told the period of vaccination is just after birth, 78.6% didn’t know the causes of TB, 52.2% told the cause of TB is live together with TB patient, 71.8% didn’t know the way to free from TB, 94% knew the treatment of TB is total free of cost, 52.73% told that the treatment Centre of TB is only TB hospital, 63.2% knew the treatment policy of infected person, 56.2% told the patient should keep separately after infected TB, 52.1% feel compassion but like to stay away from TB patient 39.3% of them try to avoid TB patients from community. There is a wide knowledge gap among the public regarding PTB. The idea of organizing directly observed TB treatment using volunteers appears to be accepted.