Vol. 1, Issue 6 (2016)
Sero-prevalence and risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection among aborting women attending Elsheik Mohamed Ali Fadol Maternity Hospital in Omdurman state, Sudan
Author(s): Durra Tibeigat, *Elham Ahmed and Intisar Elrayah
Abstract: Toxoplasmosis is known to cause serious problems during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in aborted women attending Elsheik Mohamed Ali Fadol Maternity Hospital in Omdurman state, and to assess the possible risk factors associated with the infection. Two hundred participants were enrolled, and sera were first screened by LATEX for detection of T. gondii. Further confirmation was accomplished for LATEX +ve sera, by using ELISA test for detection of (IgG, IgM). 105 samples (52.5%) were Latex +ve, and76 (38%) of them were +ve by lgM, 102 (51.3%) were +ve by IgG ELISA test. High seroprevalence of T. gondii antibodies were found in this study. According to the results, residence, contact with cats were significantly correlated to infection with Toxoplasmosis, (p=0.031, p=0.492), respectively, while no significant relationship was found between infection and the habit of clay eating during pregnancy or uncooked meat, (p=0.492, p=0.058) respectively. Since high prevalence was detected among aborting women attending the hospital, infection of pregnant women could be prevented if good health program is implemented for education about the precautions to avoid being infected with the disease.