Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2016)
Assess the effectiveness of self-instructional module on knowledge regarding self-care practices among newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus client’s attending endocrine OPD, Narayana medical college hospital, Nellore, A.P
Author(s): Usha Rani K, Indira S, Padma k
Abstract: Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) defines “diabetes mellitus as “it is a metabolic disorder of multiple etiology characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both”. The effects of diabetes mellitus include long-term damage, dysfunction and failure of various organs. A pre experimental study was undertaken to “assess the effectiveness of self-instructional module on knowledge regarding self-care practices among newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus client’s attending OPD, NMCH, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh”. Objective: To assess the knowledge of self-care practices among newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus clients. Materials and methods: Quantitative research approach with pre-experimental research design was adopted for the study which was conducted in NMCH, chinthareddy palem, Nellore, AP”. 30 newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus clients was recruited in the study by purposive sampling technique. The data was collected with the help of structured questionnaire and administered instructional module on diabetis mellitus, next after one week post test was conducted for the same subjects. Data was analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Percentages of categorical variable were computed. Results: In present study, The pretest mean score of newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus clients is 10.33 and posttest mean score is 28.13 Paired “t” test was applied to test the significant difference between knowledge scores. The calculated value of “t” is 38.41which is very much greater than tabulated “t’ value 2.0452 at 29 degree of freedom with 5% level of significance. It indicates there is higher significance difference in pretest and posttest. Conclusion: These findings have shown that effectiveness of self-instructional module was significantly high. The findings point out that self-instructional module would improve the newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus client’s knowledge on self-care practices.