Vol. 1, Issue 2 (2016)
Author(s): Kanika Piplani
Abstract: Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides, and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. Motivation is what causes us to act, whether it is getting a glass of water to reduce thirst or reading a book to gain knowledge. The concept of motivational interviewing evolved from experience in the treatment of problem drinkers, and was first described by Miller (1983) in an article published in Behavioural Psychotherapy. Motivational interviewing is a particular kind of conversation about change. The four central principles of motivational interviewing are Express empathy, develop the discrepancy, Support self-efficacy. The elements of Motivational interviewing are feedback, Responsibility, Advice, Menu. Motivational interviewing helps the person to assess the motivation level by the stage of change given by Prochaska and Diclemente. Stages included in this Pre contemplation, contemplation, determination, action, maintenance, relapse.